Patterns of pediatric hospitalizations in an inner-city hospital
Pediatric hospitalization rates are affected by patient's demographics, but few studies have focused on demographics like age, socioeconomic status, and race/ethnicity for pediatric admissions to an inner-city hospital. We studied the patterns in pediatric hospitalization, concentrating on the demographics of age, socioeconomic status, and race/ethnicity for a patient at Henry Ford Hospital (HFH). In this study, we analyzed data for 3086 children, 0 to 18 years of age, from the Henry Ford Health System data of 2005. We found that newborn hospitalizations were significantly higher than other types of admission (75.0%). Admission into HFH for teen pregnancy (normal delivery and emergency delivery) was the second leading cause of pediatric hospitalization. We found that some health care insurances are related to lower socioeconomic status, and patients admitted to HFH were mainly insured by Medicaid (49.6%). The most common race/ethnicity to be hospitalized in HFH was African Americans (43.1 %). Therefore, the patterns of hospitalization are associated with the patient's demographic factors such as age, socioeconomic status, and race/ethnicity.
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