Gendered Symptoms of Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder and Discrepancies in Rates of Diagnosis

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Authors
Ballinger, Elizabeth
Issue Date
2023-08-31
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Thesis
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en_US
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Abstract
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is thought to affect around 5% of children and 2.5% of adults worldwide, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Disorders (DSM). The disorder manifests in uncharacteristic difficulties in sustaining attention, organization, and following instructions, negatively impacting their performance in work or school. Rates of the disorder have increased through the years with each new iteration of the DSM; however, they have not been consistent across genders. Only within the past few decades has research begun to be published regarding women with ADHD, though in this short time, the gender gap has decreased substantially. There are conflicting reports from the literature as time has gone on, with some finding no difference and others finding significant gender differences in their participants. This paper serves to analyze the history of the disorder and its gendered symptom differences and make a call for further research to be done in areas adjacent to this topic.
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v, 21 p.
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