Les politiques linguistiques de l’Algérie post-indépendante : Comment l’arabisation a semé la division
Matsuzaki, Kanase Joy
After Algeria gained independence from France in 1963, the Algerian government implemented a hasty Arabization policy in the primary education system in hopes to unify the country through the standardization of a single language. The Arabization policy that banned schooling in other languages heavily resembled the Frenchification policies under the French rule; many, especially the native Berber population, saw the Arab elites as the ‘new colons.’ Many scholars have criticized Algeria’s post-independence language policies as they did not reflect the long and complex plurilingual character of Algeria. However, in this paper, I explore the shortcomings of Algeria’s linguistic policies on assumption that Arabization was the best option for the newly independent regime. I use language policy theory to justify the choice of Standard Arabic, a language spoken by slim elite religious minorities at the time, and detail what aspects of the Arabization policy led to its decline.
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