The Prevalence of Labeling Sexual Assault and Rape at Kalamazoo College
Koenig, Lindsey N.
The study investigated the presence and labeling of sexual assault at Kalamazoo College. The experiment included 213 participants (72. 77% female, 26.7% male; mean age= 20.03; 77.6% straight, 22.4% lesbian, gay, bisexual, or other). The experiment used Koss's Sexual Experience Survey (SES) as well as a survey created for this study to determine whether a participant had experienced sexual assault. It was hypothesized that there would be a significant difference between the number of survivors identified by the scale and the number of survivors who labeled themselves as survivors. The second hypothesis stated that there would be a significant amount of discrepancy between whether participants self-labeled as survivors and whether the SES identified them as such, with men and class standing affecting the results. There was no a priori hypothesis for sexual orientation. It was also hypothesized that a significantly higher number of women would have at least one sexual assault experience as determined by the SES. Class standing was also hypothesized to play a significant role. There were no a priori hypotheses for sexual orientation. The fourth hypothesis was exploratory, examining whether there were significant differences between class standing, gender, and sexual orientation and total number of sexual assault experiences. The study found that there was a significant difference between class standing and label discrepancy as well as gender and the total number of sexual assault experiences; it was found that men had a higher number of total sexual assault experiences
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