The Existence of Gender Biases in Student Evaluations of Professorial Competencies: A Review of the Literature
A review of literature from experimental and laboratory studies that, under controlled conditions, have examined college and university students' perceptions of confederate college and university professors' competencies through the use of student evaluations. In all of the studies, confederate professor' gender was the only manipulated variable that was established in a number of different ways (e.g., written description, video, photographs, etc.), with the exception of systematically varied characteristics (e.g., attractiveness, expressiveness, age, etc.). Each of the studies reviewed also utilized similar rating dimensions, including both instructional and personality traits, to define competency. The studies reviewed produced conflicting, invalidated and unconfirmed results neither supporting nor negating the existence of gender biases in student evaluations of professorial competencies.