Cultural Construals of the Self and Its Influences on Self-Esteem
Although Asian American students are academically successful, they show signs of social and psychological maladjustment. This may be related to the fact that they are struggling between adhering to eastern cultural values and with acculturating to western values. Self-esteem is a measure that can compare Asians and Caucasians on both behavior competencies (cognitive and social) and psychological well-being to see if culture plays a role in maladjustment. Thirty-five Asian and Caucasian American children between the ages of9 and 12 years were recruited. They were interviewed individually to assess their academic, social, and global self-esteem, and completed a measure assessing independence and interdependence to see if culture is a contributing factor to maladjustment and competency.