Gender Differences in Cross-Cultural Risk Perception: Vulnerability and Perceived Risk
Phillips-Kress, Gabriel P.
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Within a cross-cultural context, gender is becoming a variable of increased interest and significance within the field of risk perception. Gender-specific interactions are found to account for a substantial variance in evaluating risks. Studying societal groups' reactions to risky activities, substances, and technologies; testing and evaluating peoples using various methodological approaches; and determining the existence and strength of universals, all embody the overall objectives of the field (Boholm, 1998). In an age of globalization, comprehension of culture-and personality-specific characteristics lends a facility of risk communication and eventual management. Based on findings within the psychometric paradigm, gender differences in vulnerability are predicted to interact with perceived risk. The interaction between anxiety and risk perception, as found in a study by Sjoberg and Drottz-Sjoberg (1991), serves as a comparison.