Social Psychological Effects of Wilderness Therapy Programs: A Proposed Study of the LandSea Program at Kalamazoo College
This study examines the psychological effects of the LandSea wilderness program in terms of self-esteem, social anxiety, social avoidance, and locus of control. 50 first-year college students comprised the experimental group by participating in a wilderness adventure program prior to attending college. The group's scores on the 4 scales were measured prior to their wilderness experience, 4 days after the experience, and 6 months after the experience. A control group was tested to determine whether changes were due to outside or school-related factors. Existing literature and personal accounts of the LandSea experience suggest that this proposed study will affirm predictions that LandSea will have the following effects: 1) increase levels of self-esteem; 2) decrease levels of social anxiety; 3) decrease levels of social avoidance; 4) shift locus of control internally.
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Reading Recovery Program: An Overview of an Early Reading Intervention Program for "At Risk" Children Barnes, Barbara A. (Kalamazoo, Mich. : Kalamazoo College., 1993)I studied the Reading Recovery Program by reading available literature about Reading Recovery, attending the teacher training classes at Western Michigan University, and observing daily instruction at Greenwood Elementary ...
Locus of Control and Adventure Programs: A Comparison of the Effects of Initiatives versus Initiatives/High Ropes Course Programs on Participants' Locus of Control Biglin, Paige L. (2004)Previous research has found that adventure programs, specifically ropes courses, have had positive effects on participants, including increased group cohesion, increased selfesteem, decreased substance abuse, decreased ...