American Brownfields: Program Failure and the Call for Environmental Justice
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The policy goals of brownfields include open space preservation, public health improvement, reuse of blighted urban land, job creation, tax revenue enhancement, promotion of environmental justice, and maintenance of United States industrial competitiveness. However, theses goals are not being met by the current Brownfields Program. The brownfields market has been slower to expand than hoped for, thereby letting polluted land remain a continuous presence in towns, cities, and neighborhoods across America. Instead of reaching its policy goals, the way the Brownfields Program is carried out actually inhibits and attains the opposite of its intentions. This causes residents' health to become at risk, increases the use of undeveloped land, leaves parts of communities jobless, drains money from the local and federal government, meets only business and industry financial goals, and creates environmental injustice by disproportionately cleaning up and reusing brownfield sites unfairly in poor and lower socioeconomic communities.