No hay agua: Water Scarcity Affecting Farmers in Ensenada BC, Mexico Catalyzing the Requirement for Adaptation Methods to be Implemented
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Maneadero is a coastal municipality part of Ensenada Baja California Mexico which has been an agricultural hotspot for the past few decades. I conducted an autoethnographic qualitative research project where I interviewed local farmers in Maneadero who are family members, to note how their experiences have changed throughout time with ongoing change in temperatures and exacerbating deficit of rainfall. As I went about conducting the interviews with my uncles, I realized that many local farmers in Maneadero are protecting their crops from drastically changing climate and reducing the amount of water used to irrigate to the best of their abilities, yet are struggling to maintain high levels of production they used to yield. I noticed that when I conceived of this research, I completely overlooked a very important aspect regarding agricultural production in Maneadero from the very beginning; the lack of access to unpolluted water. By speaking with the participants, residual treated wastewater becomes the solution to mitigate sea water intrusions and helps recharge the aquifers providing cleaner and abundant water. My thesis argues that there is a need for a paradigmatic shift in how we see water availability and accessibility.