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dc.contributor.advisorGirdler, Erin Binney, 1969-
dc.contributor.authorWyant, Vanessa
dc.description1 broadside : ill.
dc.description.abstractOrganic Agriculture is defined most basically by how it compares economically and environmentally to conventional farms and by techniques that take advantage of and work in harmony with natural ecological systems. Ideas of ecological or sustainable agriculture predate the more recently popular idea of “organic” agriculture, but since the 1970s when the “organic movement” began to take shape, the organic foods market has been growing at an increasing pace. Accompanying the popularization of organic foods, certification schemes began to emerge at the regional, state, and eventually the national level as a way to protect against fraud and encourage additional growth of the organic market. After a long struggle to establish national organic standards and uniform guidelines for organic practices, opposition remains regarding issues of cost, corporate manipulation of regulations, and the detrimental effects of commercialization. These concerns are mostly held by small farmers and people strongly committed to the fundamental philosophies of the organic movement. Using opinions of several small-scale farmers from southwest and central Michigan, I examine how the establishment of national organic certification standards contradicts the varied and localized philosophical and practical foundations of the organic agriculture movement.
dc.description.sponsorshipKalamazoo College
dc.description.sponsorshipKalamazoo College. Department of Biology. Diebold Symposium, 2007
dc.description.tableofcontentsAbstract -- History of organic agriculture and development of national organic standards -- What is organic? -- Green Eagle Farm -- Issues with national organic certification -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments
dc.publisherKalamazoo College
dc.subject.lcshOrganic farming
dc.titleNational Organic Standards in the United States and the Organic Movementen

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  • Diebold Symposium Posters and Schedules [320]
    Poster and oral presentations by senior biology majors that include the results of their Senior Individualized Projects (SIPs) at the Diebold Symposium. Abstracts are generally available to the public, but PDF files are available only to current Kalamazoo College students, faculty, and staff.
  • Food and Farming Justice SIPs [26]

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