Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury in High School and Collegiate Female Athletes
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Sports integrate beauty, grace, grit, skill, competition, passion, camaraderie, and more intricate characteristics into simple games. Within their simplicities exists the chance to blur the mind of all outside distractions and the opportunity to rely solely on the intuitive nature of our evolution as human beings. Sports can represent brotherhood, family or legacy, they can provide a source of enjoyment and love which may not be possible otherwise. Unfortunately, the physical nature of sport can act as a humbler amongst all of these positives. One of the most common injuries in the world of sports involves a ligament within the knee named the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) (Gans, Retzky, Jones, & Tanaka, 2018). The role of the ACL is to stabilize the knee joint (McDaniel, Rasche, Gaudet, & Jackson, 2010). ACL injuries can have major impacts on the career of an athlete, often times this injury can end seasons (Wiggins et al., 2016). An ACL injury requires extensive rehabilitation just to return to normal daily functions, with rehabilitation being prolonged for athletes to allow for return to practices and competitions (Laskowski, 2014). ACL injuries are two to four times more likely to occur in young female athletes when compared to male athletes (Sugimoto, Myer, Barber Foss, & Hewett, 2014). This literature review seeks to bring to light the epidemiology of this injury to high school and collegiate female athletes, the risk factors associated with female athletes, and what is being done to prevent the occurrence of this injury.