ACL Prevention Program
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The introduction of Title XI in 1972 saw women's participation in extracurricular activities and high-level sports exponentially increased. This increase in participation also meant an increase in women sustaining injuries. Sports injuries such as; ankle sprain, plantar fasciitis, shin splints, patellofemoral pain syndrome, and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears and ruptures became common among female athletes. Among these injuries, ACL ruptures and tears account most significant differences when comparing injury risk between men and women. Studies have shown that women are at a two to eight time’s greater risk of tearing or rupturing their ACL when compared to their male counterparts. These differences stem from a number of factors that are seen as hormonal, anatomical, neuromuscular and biomechanical differences. Additionally, the goal of this literature review will be to address why females are more susceptible to ACL injuries and to provide information on the mechanism of injury, methods of reconstruction, statistics, and provide a prevention plan that can be utilized before a competitive event or integrated into a gym routine.