A Hist-Oracle Connection Between the Sanctuaries of Zeus Naios and Zeus Ammon?
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There were three popular oracular sanctuaries in the Ancient Greek world: Delphi, Dodona, and Siwah. Delphi, dedicated to Apollo, was by far the most popular, although Siwah and Dodona were certainly prestigious in their own rights. Located in Northwestern Greece, Dodona was dedicated to the oracle of Zeus Naios, a form of Zeus deeply engrained with the surrounding nature. The oracle of Zeus Ammon, a deity syncretized between the Greek Zeus and the Egyptian Amun and concerned with judicial matters, was worshipped at the Siwah Oasis in Libya. Although these sites were both dedicated to a form of Zeus, modern scholarship does not address a relationship between Dodona and Siwah. By utilizing ancient and modern sources, I shall look at various literary accounts ranging from the eighth century BCE onwards and explore the descriptions of and attitudes towards each site. While the sites may not have shared an innate connection in their foundation or practices, I propose that the Ancient Greeks believed there to be a connection and interchangeable relationship between the oracle ofZeus Ammon in Siwah and the oracle of Zeus Naios in Dodona.