Charging the Savior with Murder : Reparation for the Victims of U.S. Civilian Massacres in the Korean War
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This paper attempts to illustrate how the U.S. is responsible for some of the massacres that occurred during the Korean War and why the victims have failed to receive reparation for the damages. The argument I am going to make is that the reason why there has not been a reparation offered to most of the victims is that there are certain characteristics of Korean society that make accusing the U.S. or the ROK of war crimes difficult and that there is a lack of political will on the part of both the U.S. and the ROK government. Chapter 1 concerns the body of literature on reparation. It explains the scholarly work already published on reparation, restorative justice, and victims' rights. It is important to understand what reparation is before engaging in the debate. Chapter 2 provides the historical context. It is crucial to have background knowledge of the massacres to understand the implications for current events. The chapter discusses the history of the Korean War, massacres and the efforts to achieve reparation. The circumstances in which the war occurred and the courses of the war are depicted first. Then, the general characteristics of the massacres are explained. The description of the massacres committed by the U.S. follows. Then, readers will learn what kind of efforts have been taken to address these massacres and the outcome of those efforts. Chapter 3 seeks to explain why the victims failed receive reparation. Chapter 4 is the normative section of the thesis. It argues that despite the obstacles, reparation must be delivered to the victims.