Drinking Expectancies, Romantic Attachment Styles, and Modem Romantic Involvements
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Research has demonstrated that attachment styles influence many facets of individual's lives and behaviors, and drinking expectancies mediate the outcomes between individual attributes and drinking behaviors. The potential of romantic relationships to alter working models, shifting attachment either towards more security or more insecurity is a conflicting topic. Based on these empirical findings, the author aimed (1) to determine if attachment styles were associated with increased drinking expectancies in relation to typical stressors of the attachment style, and (2) to determine if attachment styles differ based on romantic involvement status and if these factors uniquely alter drinking expectancies. Based on the responses of college students (N = 85) the first aim was supported. Both insecure attachment styles were linked to higher drinking expectancies for confidence. An anxious ambivalent attachment was linked to drinking expectancies of cognitive enhancement and negative outcomes. All of the elevated expectancies were related to previous findings of the stressors most common to the specific attachment style. The second aim was mostly unsupported, non-romantic involvement was linked to avoidant attachment, but with no distinct impact on drinking expectancies. No other results supported the notion of romantic involvement being linked to attachment style or influencing drinking expectancies. Specific drinking expectancies differing between attachment styles is a new finding that could help to explain the insecure attachment styles links with negative drinking outcomes.