Parenting and Childcare from Infancy to Adolescence : A Literature Review
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This paper reviews research related to parenting throughout a child’s life, research related to the importance of parenting children by each individual parent and from parents as a unit for children from infancy to adolescence, and the need for extensive future parenting and childcare research. Parents must be willing to adapt, change, and grow with their child for the child to do well. Children require different approaches to parenting at different developmental stages including infancy, childhood, and adolescence. A strong relationship between the parents of a child is very important especially during infancy for the child to grow up happy, healthy, and properly developed and for the child to have a good role model to learn to form and maintain relationships with other people throughout their childhood. Additionally, social contexts, family resource availability, physical environment, parenting style, a child’s perception of his or her parents’ parenting, and socioeconomic status all affect a child’s proper development. Future parenting research is needed to find predictors of poor child development, thus enabling the early identification of children in need of psychological help as early as possible, to prevent adverse educational or emotional outcomes such as dropping out of school or drug abuse, and to incorporate parental involvement in childrens’ academic experiences while allowing for their growth and development as individuals.