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dc.contributor.advisorHostetter, Autumn B., 1980-
dc.contributor.authorColombo, MaryClare C.
dc.descriptionv, 36 p.en_US
dc.description.abstractBlack infant deaths occurring in unsafe sleep environments is a pertinent issue in Kalamazoo. The Black infant sleep-related death rate is 3 times higher than the White infant rate. Though the American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended safe sleep practices and the overall infant mortality rate (IMR) has decreased, there is still a persistent disparity. This study is part of a larger study evaluating the efficacy of motivational interviewing for home visitors to talk to their clients effectively about infant safe sleep; the current study examines whether self-reported knowledge of safe sleep recommendations and adherence to safe sleep behaviors differ by race and education level. Participants (N = 56) completed a demographics questionnaire and a pre-test questionnaire with subscores for knowledge, attitudes, behavior, and barriers for safe sleep. Data were analyzed in SPSS with 2 (Education Level: £ high school vs. > high school) x 2 (Race: Black vs. White) between-subjects factorial analyses of variance where knowledge and behavior subscores were the dependent variables, a paired-samples t-test evaluating differences between knowledge and behaviors, and Pearson’s r correlations of knowledge and behavior. Data show that there were no differences between knowledge and behavior scores, and that overall level knowledge and behavior scores are associated; furthermore, on average, mothers had similar knowledge scores and behavior scores, regardless of race or education level. These results reveal that there may be factors beyond race and education level that play a role in the Black-White IMR disparity. Overall, despite the Black-White IMR disparity, participants in this homevisiting-client sample appears to not differ in safe sleep recommendation knowledge and behaviors.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofKalamazoo College Psychology Senior Individualized Projects Collection
dc.rightsU.S. copyright laws protect this material. Commercial use or distribution of this material is not permitted without prior written permission of the copyright holder. All rights reserved.
dc.titleRacial and Educational Disparities in Adherence to Safe Sleep Recommendations : Knowledge and Behavior in Kalamazooen_US

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  • Psychology Senior Individualized Projects [722]
    This collection includes Senior Individualized Projects (SIP's) completed in the Psychology Department. Abstracts are generally available to the public, but PDF files are available only to current Kalamazoo College students, faculty, and staff.

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