Gynecological symptoms, mental health, and physical and psychological intimate partner violence : A primary care study
Kamoo, Amira C.
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Violence against women is an extensive global issue. Specifically, intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is a prevalent issue that has both physical and psychological repercussions. The literature demonstrates a connection between physical and psychological/emotional IPV, its subsequent mental health effects, and manifestation of physical symptoms. Gynecological concerns are among the physical symptoms that arise. In this study, a sample (N=503) of women in Detroit, MI primary health care clinics were surveyed and asked to answer questions about the presence of several gynecological symptoms, as well as past physical and/or psychological abuse in the last year. We hypothesized that due to IPV, female victims would suffer mental health consequences that would in turn influence their physical health. Data revealed that female physical and psychological IPV victims were more likely to experience gynecological concerns than their non-abused counterparts. Specifically, IPV victims were more likely to report changes in periods, discomfort during intercourse, bleeding after intercourse, and pelvic discomfort/pain; however, there were no differences between abuse groups in reporting breast problems.