The Importance of Oral Health Maintenance in Disease Prevention
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The mouth is a gateway through which viruses and bacteria can enter the rest of the body (AlJehani, 2014). Pathogen entry is facilitated by common oral infections such as periodontal disease and dental caries, which result in tooth and gum breakdown. In addition, more serious diseases can result, such as the growth of cancer cells, which correlate positively with the presence of oral malnutrition (Leite, 2013). This review looks at the biological side of this issue, as well as how wealth and socioeconomic status (SES) impact one’s ability to receive proper dental treatment. Oral health levels in families can be significantly impacted by their financial standing, as studies have shown that parent’s income levels have a negative correlation on the oral health of their children. (Paula et. al, 2014). This problem compounds as the lower SES tier cannot afford preventative dentistry, yet spend more money because they end up requiring emergency procedures.