Methodology of Exercise and Pregnancy in Women and a Proposed Plan for Standardization
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The data and professional opinions regarding exercise during pregnancy has not always been consistent. Over time, results from research have found that in general, the effects of exercise is either neutral or beneficial to both the mother and the fetus. This review will examine the physiological changes that occur in the body during pregnancy, analyze the impact of exercise on the body, and finally evaluate the influence of physical activity during pregnancy for both the mother and the fetus. It will uncover the significance of exercise in the prevention of excess weight gain, and comorbid diseases. Overall, moderate level exercise is encouraged during pregnancy so long as there are no complications with the pregnancy, and a doctor has cleared them. Moderate exercise is preventative in various diseases that are common in pregnancy and its benefits on both the child and the mother can be lifelong. However, studying pregnancy and exercise can be difficult due to inconsistency in the type of exercise, intensity, duration, and how it is measured in women, making it difficult to interpret and compare results. Standardization of the methodology of exercise and pregnancy in women is critical in order to decrease ambiguity in the field and produce results that can be compared effectively.