The Effect of Climate Change on Mosquito Vector and Arbovirus Dynamics in Distinct Locations of South America, Africa, and Asia
Potter, Alexander M.
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There are numerous mosquito vectors of pathogens on every continent except for Antarctica. All of these vectors and pathogens exhibit temperature dependent life cycles. Studies have shown that as temperatures rise the reproductive/replicative rates of mosquitoes and pathogens decrease in time. Climate change is the direct cause of global temperature rise, therefore, it is a driver of the global threat from arthropod borne diseases. Socioeconomic standards, sea level rise, and latitudinal/elevational temperature changes are all factors exacerbated by climate change that allow for vectors and pathogens to creep ever closer into the lives of humans. Areas of southeastern Brazil, eastern Africa, and the Indochinese peninsula were all examined to determine risk assessment of these areas, and provide potential predictive information for other areas of human settlement.