Effects the windmill pitching technique has on the shoulder complex and the methods used to treat injuries sustained
Kirck, Isabella M.
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Fast-pitch softball is a sport that has been rising in popularity, with the number of girls playing across the world continuing to grow. Softball has become so popular that three different organizations are needed to look over fast-pitch softball at different levels. However, there has not been a lot of research on the different positions in the game of softball and how the positions’ requirements impact the anatomy and functions of the players’ bodies. With every position in softball the shoulder complex is utilized. The shoulder complex is made of muscles, bones, and joints and they work together to ensure that the shoulder complex is able to function properly. The pitching position in softball is difficult to understand with the lack of research, as softball pitchers use the windmill technique to execute the pitch. This pitching technique is a different throwing motion than any other position in softball, as every other position uses the overhead throwing motion. The windmill technique affects the shoulder complex in a different way than the overhead throwing motion. Because of the motion, softball pitchers are susceptible to different injuries, most of which are caused by overuse and fatigue. If any of these injuries are left untreated, they could become more severe and have a detrimental impact on the shoulder complex. There are a variety of different treatments available that can heal and strengthen the injured area. Some of these treatments are simple enough where the athletes can treat themselves, while other treatments need an athletic trainer, physical therapist, or a doctor. The goal of this paper was to set a foundation for future research on the windmill pitching technique used in softball. If research continues to grow, softball pitchers will hopefully be able to prevent more injuries, as well as getting more effective treatments.