The Achievement Gap : A Critical Ethnography of the Factors Which Perpetuate the Gap in Academic Achievement Between Races
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The gap in academic achievement between minority (African American and Latino) students and non-minority students, also known as the racial Achievement Gap, has been a major issue within schooling in the United States. This study analyzes the factors within and outside of schools which contribute and perpetuate the Achievement Gap. Through the Qualitative interviews of nine participants, this ethnography looks to critically analyze how racialization and class barriers both directly and indirectly hinder the academic performance of minority students. Problematic disciplinary procedures and lack of visible vertical mobility were the two main themes that emerged from the data. Factors within the theme of disciplinary procedures that were found were prison system resemblance, lack of institutional control, and hindering graduation rates. Factors within the theme of lack of visible vertical mobility included limited accessibility to college, distractions outside of the classroom, student engagement, lack of school resources, and generalizations about minority parents from teachers. This project seeks to examine the factors within and outside of schools which appeared in both the literature and interviews, and any proposed solutions in the Literature.
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