Characterization of Platinum Nanoparticles for Use In Solar Cells
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Our planet is facing an energy crisis that is getting more attention by the year. As the scientific community strives toward new sources of energy, many problems have arisen which need further research. Solar energy is moving toward becoming a viable alternative to fossil fuels. However, before this can be achieved, there must be a sensible and affordable way to store the energy collected during the sunlight hours, to be used during the night and overcast days. New methods of energy storage are being explored including the relatively new and vast field of nanotechnology. Platinum nanoparticles in conjunction with titanium dioxide may be able to store energy in the way needed for solar panels (Matsui). The goal of this paper is to find a synthetic method that can produce platinum nanoparticles of consistent shape and size and therefore consistent properties. If this is achieved, the particles are to be studied to find physical properties with a focus on their electrochemical and charge transfer properties.