Efficacy of Short-Term and Long-Term Effects of Sensory Integration Therapy in the Clinic and Home-Based Setting for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
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Infants who were preterm or low birth weight are at high-risk for cognitive and motor developmental dysfunctions such as sensory processing disorder (SPD). Children most likely to have SPD also have autism, which has become more prevalent over the years. Not everyone who is diagnosed with autism has SPD and vice versa (Blauw-Hospers, de Graaf-Peters, Dirks, Bos, & Hadders-Algra, 2007). SPD refers to when sensory signals are either not detected or do not get organized into appropriate motor and behavioral responses (Case-Smith, Frolek Clark, & Schlabach, 2013). Sensory integration therapy interventions are based on rewiring the brain through play by having the child participate in activities that let them process different physical sensations. Every intervention strategy is tailored to the individual because SPD affects every child differently (Wheeland, 2016). Early diagnosis leading to early intervention, long-term therapy, and implementing family-centered care were found to be keys to positive effects of treatment (Blauw-Hospers et al., 2007; Blanche et al., 2016; Case-Smith & Arbesman, 2008; Pfeiffer et al., 2011; Fazliglu& Baran 2008).