A Socioeconomic Analysis on the Expansion of the Metro Transit Public Bus System from City-wide to County-wide Services in the City of Kalamazoo
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This paper uses historical statistics and analysis to evaluate the impact of the merger between the city-wide and county-wide systems for public transit in Kalamazoo, Michigan. The goal of this paper is to provide insight in the socioeconomic implications of public transportation goods and services distributed within cities. The current literature includes official reports and meeting minutes from the transit agencies of the City of Kalamazoo and County of Kalamazoo. Official documents yield statistics on race, class, income, linguistic isolation, and investments of public transit. These reports were used to complement statistical analysis on the socioeconomic impact of public transit. The paper also examines externalities within the Metro Transit bus system in the City of Kalamazoo and other inefficiencies in the agency. The Senior Individualized Project critiques the performance of transit agencies within the County of Kalamazoo in serving marginalized populations and captive riders. Lastly, the Senior Individualized Project will conclude with recommendations to agencies to ensure equitable service.