Bilingual cognitive advantages : Effects on mathematical ability in first- and second-graders
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Bilingualism has been found to improve executive functioning. This study examined whether bilingualism aids mathematical ability in children. Monolingual and bilingual first- and second- graders (n= 76) were given a math worksheet and verbal fluency test. Mathematical ability was measured by response time, number of correct responses, and the number of mathematic errors on the worksheet given to each participant; verbal fluency was measured by the number of words correctly named in a word game each participant played. There was no significant relation between mathematical ability and bilingualism. However, the present study did not account for factors such as mathematical practice and variety of mathematic operations. This study may add to further examination of executive functioning and cognitive advantages due to bilingualism.