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dc.contributor.advisorHess, Jeanne L., 1958-
dc.contributor.authorSutherland, Shadae
dc.description26 p.en_US
dc.description.abstractWhile on study abroad, the author observed the academic preparation of classmates who were athletes and set out to study whether athletes are better prepared for academia than non-athletes. She wanted to find out if intense physical activity increases focus and cognitive function. Her study revealed that aerobic activity improves executive cognitive functions like planning, scheduling, inhibition and working memory (Kamijo, K. and Takeda, 2010). Physical activity improves brain function at the systematic, molecular and cellular levels (Sibey and Etnier, 2006; Hilman et al, 2008). It improves neural systems involved in attention, learning and memory by increasing neuroelectric activity, brain volume and blood flow in brain networks at the systematic level (Ratey and Loehr, 2011). It increases the levels of neurotrophins and growth factors in the brain at the molecular level. These signal cascades to regulate synaptic plasticity, neurogenesis and angiogenesis at the cellular level (Ratey and Loehr, 2011). An exercise session consisting of 30 minutes of cycling or running improves reaction time and speed of information processing (Audiffren et al., 2008; Joyce et al., 2009). There is increased verbal and visual memory after acute exercise in young adults (Sibley and Beilock, 2007; Coles and Temporowski, 2008) and enhanced ability to think beyond everyday usage of objects to alternate uses (cognitive flexibly) after acute aerobic exercise (Netz et al., 2007). Longer-term exercise can improve cognition. Persons who exercise 5-7 days per week had better reaction times, attention and cognitive flexibility than participants that exercised 3-4 days per week (Masley et al., 2009). Persons who participate in more physical activity had faster reaction times for congruent and incongruent conditions of the flankier task (Hillman et al., 2006). Studies in young adults proved there was a correlation between physical activity and task switching performance (Themanson et al., 2008, Kamijo and Takeda 2010). Individuals who completed more intense weekly physical exercise processed information more quickly, had better memory and overall cognitive function (Angevaren et al., 2007)en_US
dc.publisherKalamazoo, Mich. : Kalamazoo College.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofKalamazoo College Physical Education Senior Individualized Projects Collection
dc.rightsU.S. copyright laws protect this material. Commercial use or distribution of this material is not permitted without prior written permission of the copyright holder. All rights reserved.
dc.titleThe Role of Sports in Academic Performance at Kalamazoo Collegeen_US
KCollege.Access.ContactIf you are not a current Kalamazoo College student, faculty, or staff member, email to request access to this thesis.

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  • Physical Education Senior Individualized Projects [218]
    This collection includes Senior Individualized Projects (SIP's) completed in the Physical Education Department. Abstracts are generally available to the public, but PDF files are available only to current Kalamazoo College students, faculty, and staff.

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