Effects that Relaxation Techniques have on the Skills and Flow of Baseball Players
Turnbull, Steven Lloyd
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The effects that relaxation techniques have on the hitting skills of baseball and softball players and their ability to reach flow was studied. It was hypothesized that training athletes in progressive relaxation techniques and mediation techniques will lead to an increase of flow experiences while hitting a baseball. The occurrence of the flow experience was measured using the ESM sampling method. It is hypothesized that the more flow state characteristics described in the ESM the greater the level of skill improvement will be. Three groups of softball and baseball players were given progressive relaxation, meditation, or no relaxation therapy. The player's improvement of skills was determined by bat speed and a hitting competition.