Neither Winners nor Losers: A Reconsideration of EU/Member State Relations with Attention to Defense Policy
Edwards, Ian K.
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This paper explores Europe's integration with attention to defense policy, which has historically been the purview of Europe's member states. While Europe's member states retain a monopoly over their national defense, the supranational European Union (EU) is making inroads. The gaining importance of common defense and security policies are evidenced most especially in the European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP, 1999), the evolution of the Helsinki Headline Goals (1999) and the expansion of the European External Action Service (EEAS) in the wake of the adoption of the Treaty of Lisbon (2008). I suggest that member states have come to rely on these supranational defense policies and institutions to such an extent that conventional considerations of state versus supranational power and the consequent struggles over defense policy and sovereignty must be viewed through a less dichotomous lens. In sum, the power of states to act defensively may actually be strengthened by Europe's supranational policies.