Contextual Effects on Complementarity of the Agency Dimension on the Interpersonal Circumplex Model
MetadataShow full item record
This study examined how different situations affected the degree of complementarity on the agency dimension of the interpersonal circumplex model. Complementarity as defined by Carson (1969) is when one behavior invites a response behavior that matches in terms of affiliation and is opposite in terms of agency. Mixed results concerning the agency dimension have been observed (Tracey & Sherry, 1993). Under the assumption that these mixed findings are partially due to a overgeneralization of a task-oriented situation, this study exposed participants to a competitive task-oriented situation (CT) and a non-competitive task-oriented situation (NCT). It was predicted that the NCT would produce a greater degree of complementarity on the agency dimension than the CT.