The Five-Factor Model of Personality and Adherence to a Clinic-Based Regimen Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Surgery
Hilliard, Robert C. Jr.
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Participation in sport and exercise involves the inherent risk of injury. When rehabilitating from an injury, it is important to understand the factors that may influence adherence to the program. The relationship between personality factors using the five-factor model and adherence to a rehabilitation program following anterior cruciate ligament surgery was examined in 1 08 participants 'Of mixed athletic backgrounds. The athletes all attended one of the three orthopedic clinics associated with the study and were scheduled to receive physical therapy at one of the three clinics. Adherence was measured using the Sport Injury Rehabilitation Adherence Scale (SIRAS) (Brewer, Van Raalte, Petitpas et al., 2000) and an attendance ratio. Personality was measured using the NEO Five Factor Inventory-FormS (Costa & McCrae, 1992). The results were analyzed using a multiple regression analysis. The first analysis included the five personality traits and the attendance ratio. Agreeableness was found to be a significant predictor of adherence using attendance. The second analysis included the five personality traits and the SIRAS. Conscientiousness and Openness to Experience were significant predictors of adherence using the SIRAS. The study affirms the need for physical therapists and trainers to have a personal relationship with their patients as some personality traits may lead the trainer to predict adherence or nonadherence to the rehabilitation regimen.