Effectiveness of Computerized Working Memory Training in Children with Traumatic Brain Injuries
Short, Jacqueline L.
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Traumatic brain injuries are the leading cause of death and disability in young adults. However, there are no studies that evaluate the effectiveness of computerized training in children with traumatic brain injuries. The experiment tested two types of working memory-based training programs: a computerized game titled Working Memory Adventure and a standard computerized training program, Robomemo. Working Memory Adventure was an interactive game created by researchers that not only provided classic working memory tasks, but was also intended to keep the attention of the participant; a large factor when dealing with children with traumatic brain injuries. Robomemo was a simple program with no graphics or vibrancy, and was used for the control group in the experiment. Participants were children aged 8-11 with mild to moderate traumatic brain injuries. Participants were subject to a pretest of working memory tasks, a 4-week training phase with either method, and 2 posttests in a between subjects experimental design. The posttest determined whether the training produced lasting effects. Statistical analysis revealed that participants who received the interactive training, Working Memory Adventure, performed significantly better in both posttests 4 and 20 weeks after the training phase.