The Battle Lost, the War Won: The Enduring Success of the Popular Front Narrative of the Spanish Civil War
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Research for this SIP required primary and secondary material from a number of distinct fields. In understanding the political situation and issues of Spain in the first half of the twentieth century, Franz Borkenau's writings are an invaluable primary source of objective analysis grounded in his personal experience gained in the war. Hugh Thomas authored what must be considered the definitive overall history of the war. The role of the Soviet Union and its agents in the conflict is brilliantly analyzed in Stanley Payne's book on the subject. His tome exploring the under-emphasized social struggles which lay at the war's heart was also essential in uncoupling the narrative myths from the realities of Spanish political developments. The history of the American volunteers in the International Brigades from their roots in American leftist politics to the Spanish battlefields and beyond the Cold War is thoroughly chronicled by Peter N. Carroll's work. The task of defining the leftist narrative of the war was simplified greatly by Peter Monteath's Writing the Good Fight. Stephen Koch's Double Lives was essential to tracing the role of the Soviet Union in shaping the narrative. Richard Gid Powers has provided the definitive history of American anticommunism with his work Not Without Honor. The author feels particularly indebted to the Yale University Press, whose "Annals of Communism" series has translated and made accessible previously classified information from former Soviet archives. New York University's Tamiment Library and Robert R. Wagner Labor Archives were the source of the majority of primary source documents consulted, and particular thanks are owed for their preservation of the Cominterns International Brigade records.