The Influence of Neoplatonism on Art from Late Antiquity to the Renaissance
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Neoplatonism is the philosophy of Plotinus and those philosophers who, though influenced by him, did not necessarily accept all of his doctrines . In fact, the works of many of Plotinus' successors differed quite markedly, not only from each other but from those of Plotinus himself. For example, one of Plotinus's pupils, Porphyry, was a bitter enemy of Christianity and wrote a treatise "Against Christians"; conversely, Pseudo- Dionysius, writing at the beginning of the sixth century, app lied Neoplatonic ideas to Christianity and "had great influence on later theologians, philosophers, mystics and poets". However, it is primarily the works of Plotinus which shall be referred to in this paper, as they are the basis of all later Neoplatonic doctrines. Nevertheless, other theories, when pertinent, will be presented such as the above mentioned works of Pseudo-Dionysius.