|dc.contributor.advisor||Cunningham, Kiran, 1961-||
|dc.description||iii, 107 p.||en_US
|dc.description.abstract||It has been predicted that by the year 2000, 21% of the world population under 15
will be living in the cities of Latin America. Urban youth will soon be the majority
worldwide. If present trends continue 30% of the estimated 300 million minors who will
be living in the cities of Latin America in 2020 will be extremely poor (Boyden 2). The
majority of these children will be forced to work in order to survive.
Obviously the solution to this problem is not a simple one. In order to change the
situation of urban youth action is required on three different levels; the macro level
(international and national action), the meso level (state and city action) and the micro
level (community and family action). Not only is action required on all levels, but the
parties of each level must work together to support each others actions.
At the macro level changes need to be made to the overall economic situations
faced by third world countries. There is a great need to change the structural causes that
limit third world development. Structural adjustment policies., uneven balance of power.
insufficient democratization and decentralization and inadequate planning and policy
formulation have all contributed to the poor growth of third world countries.
At the meso level, state and city planning needs to become more concerned with
people's needs. In policy formulation and implementation there is also a need to look
more to the people for support and suggestion. There needs to be a greater co-ordination
between the support and services provided by the state, city, and that of non2
governmental organizations. The issue of urban migration also needs to be addressed as
cities are increasingly unable to support their growing populations.
At the micro level the focus shifts from structural to a more hands on and
immediate approach. Here is where the need to deal with family conflict, parental illness.
death or imprisonment, the lack of shelter and degraded community and environmental
conditions is satisfied (Blanc 381 ).
It is action at the community or family level that has the greatest immediate
impact on the people. Action at the international, national, state and city level looks more
towards a long-term solution to the problem without looking at the immediate needs. By
working closely with the people to satisfy their immediate needs. micro level
organizations also gain the insight and information needed by the meso and macro level
organizations to proceed with their work.
The following seeks to explain how one organization accomplishes this microlevel
work. I spent ten weeks (from January-March 1997) working with the Programa del
Muchacho Trabajador (PMT) in Quito, Ecuador. More specifically I worked at CAE
(Centro de Atenci6n Especializada) in the bus station, where approximately 500 children
work. This project is about CAE and the work they do.||en_US
|dc.publisher||Kalamazoo, Mich. : Kalamazoo College.||en_US
|dc.relation.ispartof||Kalamazoo College Anthropology and Sociology Senior Individualized Projects Collection||
|dc.relation.ispartofseries||Senior Individualized Projects. Anthropology and Sociology.;||
|dc.rights||U.S. copyright laws protect this material. Commercial use or distribution of this material is not permitted without prior written permission of the copyright holder. All rights reserved.||
|dc.title||A Terminal Case: A look at what one organisation is doing for the working children in the Terminal Terrestre in Quito, Ecuador||en_US
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