Fractal Impacts: How Gender Shapes Immigration in the Context of Globalization
Oldershaw, Catherine A.
MetadataShow full item record
Discourses of globalization in the United States suggest that the world's problems could be solved by either imitating the United States, or by simply coming into contact with the United States. Even scholars interpret globalization as a 'leveling of the playing field' that promotes international equality. As these discourses become more and more prevalent, the need for counter-narratives that present the more nuanced understanding of globalization are increasingly important. To do this I ask how gender shapes immigration patterns and what this says about structural inequalities in the receiving country. Therefore this paper takes a critical look gendered migration patterns for the purpose of exposing the structural inequalities, specifically in the United States, that shape these patterns. The idea of' global care chains' is used as a framework to discuss the "feminization of migration" and the creation of transnational families. However, this framework is critiqued, and used to demonstrate that global care chains are a small part of a much larger framework of inequality. Global Care Chains are inextricably tied to the extractive power of the United States, the ensuing creation of global market pressures, and permeation of Westernized ideals across the globe. These theories were developed through qualitative interviews with female immigrants from Liberia, men from the Congo, and a representative from an organization that aids immigrants in Chicago. These ideas were also greatly influenced by literature and studies conducted by scholars on this topic.