The Effect of Task on Visual Attention to Faces in Autism
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Autism, a disorder marked by social and communicative deficits, has been gaining a lot of attention in both the public and research field. This paper discusses recent advances in autism research, particularly concerning face processing; individuals with ASD fixate atypically to the eyes. The current study aims to see the effect of task on the face strategy utilized in typically developing individuals and individuals with ASD. Different frameworks for understanding this deficit exist. The hyperarousal model, the hypo arousal model, the communicative intention detector model, and the fast-track modulator model all provide possible explanations, although recent data seems to support the latter model. Face processing strategies such as top-down processing (task driven) and bottom-up processing (stimulus driven) are also explored.