Social Behavior Effects of Different Treatments on Pre-pubescents with Speech and Language Disorders
Palaganas, Ann Marie
MetadataShow full item record
Several studies have been done to investigate the effectiveness of intervention methods on children with speech and language problems. This study compared the uses of imitation-based interventions versus conversation-based language intervention procedures. The focus was on the social valence effects of each intervention procedure on the pre-pubescents within the clinic and outside the clinic. Social valence was defined as the "degree to which the child is emitting positive, neutral, or negative verbal or nonverbal behaviors" (Haley, Camarata, S.M., & Nelson, 1994, p. 379). Sixty elementary students (aged 7 to 9 years), who were diagnosed with speech or language defects (e.g., articulation problems, hearing defects, stuttering, specific language impairment, and mental retardation), were treated with either of the two intervention methods. They were observed to determine if the social behavior found in the clinic corresponded to social behavior after treatment-when the children were in a classroom setting.