Synchronized Linguistic Interactions: A Measure of "Clicking" in Young Children
Swenson, Rebecca R.
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To investigate various components of language involved in social interactions and their relation to social integration in young children, the Garvey Corpus (Garvey & Hogan, 1973) was analyzed using Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC), a computer-based probabilistic text analysis program. Transcriptions of naturalistic play interactions between 46 dyads of children (3 Y2 to 5-years-old) were analyzed for linguistic synchrony by LIWC and were rated by independent judges using the Interaction Rating Questionnaire (IRQ). We expected to find that linguistic markers of synchrony show a developmental trend in young children so that the older the participants were, the more linguistic synchrony was evident in their language, both according to the LIWC analyses and the IRQ. We also expected to find that the more linguistic dimensions on which participants yielded equivalent LIWC percentages, the higher independent judges would rate the participants as "clicking." Preliminary findings suggest that the older the children in a dyad are, the more likely judges are to perceive the interaction as being synchronous.