Self- and Other- Agreement of Personality in Recently Married Couples: A Longitudinal Examination of Intimate Relationships
Calcagno, Cristina Anne
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In this proposed longitudinal study, self-other personality and satisfaction ratings are used to measure distortion in personality judgment in intimate relationships. Higher ratings on positive attributes by the spouse than by the self indicate the existence of positive illusions in the relationship. It is hypothesized that such illusions will be correlated with greater marital satisfaction. It is further proposed that this effect will dissipate over time, and is measured by the longitudinal design of this study. The necessity of positive illusions for marital satisfaction will also be studied. The unique population of newly wed couples used in this study allows the relationship between time, positive illusions, and satisfaction to be investigated. This study also examines the role of other moderating variable in self-other agreement such as acquaintanceship, trait visibility and assumed similarity in intimate relationships.