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dc.contributor.advisorSwets, Benjamin
dc.contributor.authorPatzelt, Emily L.
dc.descriptionvii, 40 p.en_US
dc.description.abstractSpeakers engage in audience design when they construct their utterances for particular addressees and when they take into account common ground during utterance planning. Common ground refers to mutual knowledge that is known to be mutual by both interlocutors. Two approaches to audience design were tested: whether it is an emergent feature of ordinary working memory (WM) processes or whether it is a specialized sub-process of verbal WM. The present experiment was based on the game paradigm by Swets, Jacovina, and Gerrig (2009, unpublished manuscript), wherein college students took verbal and domain-general WM tests, then performed a referential communication task. Directors first instructed 2 Matchers to rearrange items in a grid. The key rounds were the second set in which the Directors described items entrained with both Matchers. The investigators incorporated individual differences in WM along with eye tracking measures in order to examine how high-span Directors engaged in partner-specific audience design, and the. resource costs of the task. Preliminary results from temporal and quantitative analyses of Directors' speech demonstrated a trend toward entrainment with both addressees but occasional failures to exercise audience design in their continued usage of already-entrained phrases with new referents to the current addressee.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipDepartment of Psychology. Grand Valley State University. Allendale, Michigan.
dc.relation.ispartofKalamazoo College Psychology Senior Individualized Projects Collection
dc.relation.ispartofseriesSenior Individualized Projects. Psychology.;
dc.rightsU.S. copyright laws protect this material. Commercial use or distribution of this material is not permitted without prior written permission of the copyright holder. All rights reserved.
dc.titlePartner-Specific Audience Design: Individual Differences in Working Memoryen_US
KCollege.Access.ContactIf you are not a current Kalamazoo College student, faculty, or staff member, email to request access to this thesis.

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  • Psychology Senior Integrated Projects [741]
    This collection includes Senior Integrated Projects (SIP's) completed in the Psychology Department. Abstracts are generally available to the public, but PDF files are available only to current Kalamazoo College students, faculty, and staff.

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