Cultural Differences in the Prevention of Unintentional Injuries in Children
Darling, Andrew Benton
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Limited literature exists regarding the role of culture in determining which injury prevention practices are utilized to protect children from unintentional injury. This report is a compilation of the available literature on culturally specific parenting styles and their influence on prevention strategies. Investigations into cultures' authoritarian vs. authoritative parenting styles, goals for socialization, and parent-child interaction suggest cultural determinants of prevention that differ across multiple factors. There are four specific prevention practices under examination; physicians counseling on booster seat use during motor vehicle transportation, home-based, maternal home-based supervision, and self and substitute care comprise the prevention practices addressed in this report. Participants in primary studies included culturally diverse individuals living within the United States. Research indicates a relationship between culture and parenting, one that determines which prevention strategies are implemented for the protection of children from unintentional injury.