The Predictors and Effects of Parenting Style on Student Development: A Parenting Style Model
Lam, Daniel K.
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The purpose of the present study was to construct a parenting style model that identified predictors of parents' parenting style and the effects of the parents' parenting style on their children. Three hundred and fifty-six first-year students at Kalamazoo College took the CIRP survey which consists of questions regarding student demographics, behaviors, and social attitudes. Three hundred and sixty-six of the parents were also surveyed to determine demographic information about the parent, and to measure their parenting style as well. Of the socioeconomic and demographic factors that were hypothesized to be predictors of parenting style, parents' education and the student's gender were found to be the strongest predictors. Concerning the effects of parenting style on student behaviors and development, significant differences between parenting types were found regarding the students' frequency of drinking beer, attending a religious service, and feeling depressed. In addition, significant differences were found for student self-rated emotional health, self-confidence, and self-esteem. These results support the predictions of Baumrind's parenting style typology, mainly that Authoritative parenting is associated with the most positive results and Laissez-faire parenting is associated to the most negative results.
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