Sex and Gender Roles in Association with Homophobia and Erotophobia
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Past research has linked traditional gender roles to higher levels of homophobia and erotophobia. Bern (1974, 1976) proposed that in addition to the two traditional gender roles, there are two nontraditional gender roles, androgynous and undifferentiated. This study examined the level of homophobia and erotophobia in subjects with nontraditional gender roles, androgynous and undifferentiated, and traditional gender roles, masculine and feminine. In addition, homophobia and erotophobia levels for females and males were compared. Results found no connection between the levels of homophobia and erotophobia for the different gender roles nor for sex. Furthermore, there was no relation between individual's level of homophobia and level of erotophobia.