The Effect of Father Involvement on the Self-esteem of Young African American Children
Paavola, Julie N.
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The effect of father involvement on the self-concept, specifically self-esteem, of preschoolers was examined. Participants were 56 African American children from low-income urban families. Self-esteem and the level of father involvement were measured when the children were 4.5 years old. Two years later, self-esteem was assessed again in a follow-up study. The primary caregiver, in all cases a female, was asked to complete the demographics interview that evaluated paternal involvement. Children's self-esteem was further assessed through collection of self-report stories, which they provided regarding times when they felt positively and negatively. Teacher's perceptions of the children were compared to their self-concept. It was hypothesized that children with higher father involvement in their lives would have higher self-esteem. Additionally, this effect would be more significant in male children than in female children. The study yielded insignificant results.