Children's Drawings of Standing and Flying Human Figures
Rupp, Sarah E.
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Ninety-six children, ranging in age from 3 years 9 months to 6 years 8 months, participated in the study. Each child drew a standing human figure and a flying human figure. The drawings of the younger group (ages 3 years 9 months to 5 years 3 months) and older group (ages 5 years 4 months to 6 years 8 months) were compared. Results indicated that older children tended to use the vertical dimension to depict flying figures higher than standing figures, whereas younger children tended to center both figures. More specifically, children tended to place flying figures higher on the page with increasing age, whereas children's placement of standing figures did not change with age. The findings suggest that age-related differences exist in children's ability to spatially organize their drawings, as is emphasized in drawing systems theory.