Rehabilitating Delinquent Youth: An Examination of Delinquency Causation and Correctional Facilities Using Erik Erikson's Identity Development Model
Manick, Lily Cheyanne
MetadataShow full item record
Recent policies advocate sentencing juveniles as adults. They raise the question of the effectiveness of prison and juvenile correctional facilities. Erikson's model of identity development in adolescents is used to examine this question. Since adolescence is a time in which youth go through what Erikson calls "identity confusion," they are more vulnerable to the influences and pressures of deviant, self-destructive behavior. This vulnerability is a result of their efforts to develop a sense of belonging and identity during this moratorium between childhood and adulthood. After examining numerous studies it becomes evident that the effectiveness of the type of program a juvenile is placed in is greatly influenced by their stage in identity development. In general, the younger the age a juvenile is incarcerated, whether in a prison, state or private institution or therapeutic camping, the less effective the program is. Conversely, older youth (over age 16) are most successfully treated in state institutions and therapeutic camping settings.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Residential Summer Camps and Their Possible Effects on Problem Behaviors and Delinquency of At-Risk Youth Persons, L. Kaitlin (Kalamazoo, Mich. : Kalamazoo College., 2012)This paper examines how residential summer camps may inhibit delinquency and reduce the intensity of or eliminate completely problem behaviors among at-risk youth. Due to a lack of social capital both within the family ...
Indigent Juvenile Delinquency Defense Services: How Our Political Economy Shapes the Experiences of Troubled Youth Larson, Brooke A. (2004)In this paper the access to and quality of juvenile indigent defense services in Washington State, Texas, Maryland, and Kalamazoo County are investigated. Information was gathered by interviewing judges, juvenile public ...
Moore, Jocelyn Tia (2003)This study examines the contextual / situational dynamics of the drug use and delinquent behavior of female residents of the Kalamazoo County Juvenile Home and the Kalamazoo Probation Enhancement Program. Theoretical ...