The ABCD's of the Big Five: An Analysis of Personality Traits
Nuyen, Kristen M.
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The trait approach to personality describes differences among individuals by using a standard set of attributes. The Big 5 traits of Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness are considered to represent personality at a broad level. Each of the Big 5 traits is then characterized by several smaller trait facets. These trait facets assess Affects, Behaviors, Cognitions, and Desires (ABCD). In this exploratory study, we use the NEO-TI-R and AB5C personality inventories to subdivide the Big 5 traits and their smaller trait facets into ABCD components. The NEO-TI-R has 6 specific facets per trait, and the AB5C has 9 specific facets per trait. We compare the results between the NEO-PI-R and AB5C inventories, and then compare the results individually within the NEO-PI-R and AB5C, especially focusing on the Desire aspect of ABCD. Data showed that each of the Big 5 traits, and facets within each trait, varied in percentage of how much each of the ABC D's are present. In both the AB5C and NEOPI- R inventories, Desire had much lower ratings than Affect, Behavior, and Cognition for all traits and trait facets. This suggests that maybe raters have trouble understanding desires and motivations, and that raters have trouble recognizing when their wants and motivations play a role in their personality.